What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in dogs and is caused by increased fluid pressure in the eye, or intraocular pressure.

The fluid inside the eyeball is called the humor. Since there are no blood vessels going to the cornea and lens of the eye, it is the job of the humor to supply them with nutrients and oxygen. There are cells called the ciliary body, that produce this fluid inside the eyeball. These fluids drain out of the eyeball where the cornea meets the iris, the iridocorneal angle.

With glaucoma, the fluid does not drain correctly from the eye, and as a result, the pressure of the humor rises. Sometimes the rise in fluid pressure can happen very quickly, in a matter of hours. Sometimes it builds slowly. In either case, the abnormally high pressure causes damage to the retina and optic nerve, leading to blindness. Timely diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma can save your pet pain, suffering and possibly blindness.

Dog and cat breeds that have a predesposition to glaucoma

Dog Breeds

Akita
Alaskan Malamute
American Eskimo Dog
Australian Callie Dog
Basset Hound
Beagle (Field Trial)
Bedlington Terner
Bichon Frise
Blue Healer
Border Colile
Boston Terrier
BOUVier des Flandres
Brittany
Bullmastiff
Cairn Terrier
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Chihuahua
ChowChow
Cocker Spaniel
Dachshund
Dalmatian
English Cocker Spaniel

English Springer Spaniel
Entlebucher Mountain Dog
Flat-coated Retriever
Fox Terrier
Giant Schnauzer
Golden Retriever
Great Dane
Greyhound
Irish Seller
Italian Greyhound
Keeshond
Labrador Retriever
Lakeland Terrier
Maltese
Manchester Terrier
MIniature Pinscher
Newfoundland
Norfolk Terrier
Norwegian Elkhound
Norwich Terrier
Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen
Poodle (a ll varieties)
Pug
Saluki
Samoyed
Schnauzer (all varieties)
Scottish Terrier
Sealyham Terrier
Shar Pei
Shiba Inu
Shih Tzu
Siberian Husky
Skye Terrier
Smooth Coated Fox Terrier
Tibetan Terrier
Welsh Springer Spaniel
Welsh Terrier
West Highland White Terrier
Wire Fox Terrier
Whippet

Cat Breeds

Persians

Siamese

Some Domestic Short-hairs

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